ABOUT INDONESIA

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ABOUT INDONESIA

        WOMEN 'N MEN IN INDONESIA

       (adopted frm headquorter statistics of indonesia )

             admin : bidang dalduk dp2kbp3a

 

INTRODUCTION

One of the eight goals of Millenium Development Goals (MDG's)  declare by the United Nation (UN) in the year of 2000 is to promote gender equality and empowerment of women. When the targets of this goal are to eliminate gender disparities in primary and secondary education levels in 2005 and at all levels of education not more than 2015. This is in accordance with Indonesia's human development objectives of achieving gender equality in order to improve the quality of human resource without distinguishing male and female.

In orde to reducethe gender gap, the government through policyand program development has been trying to integrate the experience, aspiration,needs and problems of women and men into planning,implementation, monitoring and evaluation of national development programs. Strategies and policies to reduce the gender gap are called gender mainstreaming, in which to plan its implementation required an anlysis of gender. Therefore, we need data, facts and information about gender, i.e. the data disaggregated betweenmen and women who can describe the gender gap. The publication present  a picture of the field of gender disaggregated data on population, health, households socio economic stattus, education, employ, political leadhership and government. This publication is specifically aimed related to effort to improve the quality of Indonesian human. 

The data presented are summarized from various source including the national socio economic survey, the national labor force survey, indonesian population projection 2000-2005, Micro and Small Industrial Survey, as well as other data sources containing result of administrative records from various relevant agencies. Presentation of information in this publication is in the form of figures and tables aswell as reviews that are easy to understand the various parties, both the general public, as well as policy maker and is expected to be used as one refrence in assessing gender issues in Indonesia.

II. POPULATION

A. Population

Indonesian population compared with other countries, 2012.

* According to the 2000 population cencus, the population of Indonesia in 2000 (October) reach some 205,13 million people.

* According to the 2010 population cencus, number population of Indonesia in 2012 become 345,1 million people.

* Indonesia is the fourth most population country after China (1,351 million), India (1,213 million) and USA (314 million).

B. Population Structure.

Distribution of the population by age group and sex can be described in term of the poppulation pyramid.

* The age structure of Indonesia's population is dominated by young population. This case indicated by the borrom of pyramid is relatively

* The largest frequence for both female and male populationare at the age group 10- 14 years. Population age structure can also be divided into productive age (15 - 64 ) years, has not been productive (0 - 14) yearsand no longer productive (65 years and over).

* Female of productive age relatively similar wit male. Female of no longer produktivesge less than male. While the group has not been productive, more womwn than men.

* Out of 100 female, 30 of them has notr been productive, 66 people at productive people age and 4 people is no longer productive.

* Out of 100 male, 39 of them has not been productive, 66 people at productive people age and 5 people is no longer productive.

C. Population composition

1. Sex Ratio

* In 2010, the sex ratio was 100,70 which mean that  there were 101 males to 100 females.

* In 2010 to 2012, sex ratio wa more than 100. This shows that males is more than females population.

2. Dependency Ratio

* In 2012, the dependency ratio is 52,15 relatively similar with the dependency ratio in 2010 i.e 52.12 and dependency ratio in 2011 i.e 52.06.

* This is every 100 productive aged people (aged 15 - 64 years ) support 52 non productive aged people (0 - 14 years and 65 years and over).

* The greater the dependency ratio, the more the burden to be born by the population of productive age.

3. Number of Under Five Year of Age Children.

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